huang lian   黃連        

xuan hu lian 宣胡連

 

By: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

 

Pharmaceutical name:

Rhizoma Coptidis (huang lian)

Rhizoma Picrorhizae (xuan hu lian)

Latin botanical name:

拉丁學名﹕

huang lian:

  1. Coptis chinensis Franch.

  2. Coptis deltodea C.Y Cheng et Hsiao

  3. Coptis teeta Wall.

  4. Coptis quiquefolia Mig. (台灣黃連)

xuan hu lian

  1. Picrorhiza scrophularfifolia Pennell (胡黃連)

  2. Picrorhiza kurrooa Royle ex Benth.(印度胡黃連)

Other names:

chuan lian,川 蓮,wei lian 味 蓮  (Coptis chinensis Franch.),

ya lian 雅 蓮 (Coptis deltodea C.Y Cheng et Hsiao) ,

yun lian雲 蓮  (Cotis teeta Wall.)

Pron. in Japanese:

o ren   

Pron. in Korean:

hwang lyon  황련

Pron. in Cantonese:

wong lin

Common Name:

coptis rhizome (huang lian)

Figwortflower, Picrorhiza Rhizome (xuan hu lian)

Distribution:

分佈﹕

huang lian: Sichuan四川, Xizang 西藏, Hubei 湖 北, Jiangxi 江西, Shanxi 陝西 , Shanxi   江 西

xuan hu lian: Yunnan, Xizang, Nepal, India,

Properties (characteristics):性 味:

bitter in taste; cool

苦 , 寒 。

Channels (meridians) entered:

 heart, large intestine, liver, and stomach channels. 

心﹐大腸﹐肝﹐胃。

Actions & Indications:

Relief
heat toxicity, indigestion, diabetes, inflammation of intestine, 
diarrhea caused by bacterial infection, high fever, restlessness and
insomnia, spitting blood, nose bleeding due to heat in blood, red eyes
and excess stomach acid, tooth ache, boils.

External uses: inflammation of the cornea,  middle ear infection, ulceration of tongue and mouth, external ear infection and eczema.

Jiu huang lian: for heat in the upper part of the body like red eyes, sores in the mouth.

Jiang huang lian: for clearing the stomach, stop vomiting; for coldness and heat interwined in the abdomen area.

Yu huang lian: for relieving the liver, stop vomiting; for liver and stomach not in harmony, vomiting and excess stomach acid.

 

用 於 濕 熱 肝脾腫脹 ,黃 疸 ,消化不良﹐糖 尿病﹐ 嘔 吐 瀉 痢 ,  高 熱 神 昏 ﹐ 心 火 亢 盛 ﹐ 心 煩 不 寐 ,

 血 熱 吐 衄 , 目 赤 吞 酸 , 牙 痛 ,  癱 腫 疔 瘡 。

外 治 : 濕 疹 ,濕 瘡 , 耳 道 流 膿 。

酒 黃 連﹕ 清 上 焦 火 熱 。 用 於 目 赤 , 口 瘡 。

薑 黃 連 ﹕清 胃 和 胃 止 嘔 。 用 於 寒 熱 互 結 , 瀛 熱 中 阻 , 痞 滿 嘔 吐 。

萸 黃 連 ﹕舒 肝 和 胃 止 嘔 。 用 於 肝 胃 不 和 , 嘔 吐 吞 酸 。

Medical function:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. antibiotic and anti-amoeba

2. effect on heart and blood vessels

  •  (1) small amount improves coronary blood vessel circulation while large amount suppresses it.

  • (2) protects heart muscles in case of lack of blood circulation and anti arrhythmia.

  • (3) relaxes blood vessels

  • (4) anti palette coagulation

  • (5) shrinks red blood cells

  • (6) lowers blood sugar

3.  small amount improves function of acetylcholine while large amount suppresses it.

Samples of formulae:

huang lian e jiao tang

黃連阿膠湯

Chemical ingredients:

erberine C20H17NO3小檗碱
colchicine  C21H25NO5秋水仙胺
coptisine C19H15NO5黃連鹹
worenine C21H15NO4甲基川連鹼
palmatine C22HC24 H24O5 N.OHO5NOH棕 鹼 
jatrorrhizine藥根碱
magnoflorine木蘭 

See:Chemical ingredients of  xian hu lian

Dosage:

1.5 to 20 g. Concentrated extract: 0.5 g to 2 g.

1.5~20克;濃縮中藥:0.52

Toxicity:

不良反应

Not to use in cases of wind cold type of flu and deficient type of syndromes.

Normal dosage is relatively safe with few side effects and no adverse effects from long term use. Large dosage can be toxic.

Not to use in patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.

Clinical experiences and laboratory studies show that the toxic reactions include:

  1. acute deprivation of oxygen of the brain due to cardiac function

  2. shock due to allergenic reaction

  3. rash

  4. dizziness, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, anxiety and fright, short of breath, joint pain

  5. diarrhea, flatulence, rumbling noise in the intestines, frequent urination

  6. decrease of heme and blood cells

  7. report of sudden stoppage of circulation and breathing due to venous feeding of injectiones of huang lian

 

患有葡萄糖-六-磷酸鹽去氫酵素缺乏症(豆症)之病人忌用。

只适用于风热感冒和实热性病证。不可用於风寒感冒和虚寒证。

 

临床和实验研究表明,本品有以下毒副反应:[1]

  1. 急性心源性腦 缺氧综合征;

  2. 過 敏性休克;

  3. 麻疹样药疹和荨麻疹型药疹;

  4. 頭 晕,耳鳴 ,惡 心 ,嘔 吐 ,心慌,氣 短,關 節 痛等;

  5. 腹瀉 ,腹脹 ,腸 鳴 ,多尿;

  6. 血色素及血细胞减少。

  7. 静滴黄連 素曾引致 三 例循 環 呼吸骤停。 

 [1]四川省农业信息工程技术研究中心

Chemical ingredients of hu huang liang (Picrorhiza scrophularfifolia Pennell):

胡黃連化學成份﹕

Roots of  Picrorhiza scrophularfifolia Pennell contain:

胡黄連根含:

Kutkin 3.4%*

胡黄連素 3.4%*

D—Mannitol 0.5%

D甘露醇 0.5%

Vanillic acid 0.1%

香荚藍酸  0.1%

Kutkiol

胡黄連醇

Kutkisterol 0.18%

黄連甾醇 0.18%

Apocynin

香荚藍乙酮

Kutkin is not a simple chemical compound, it is:

胡黄連素并不是一个的 簡單化合物, 它是﹕

a stable crystalized mixture of Picroside  I and Kutkoside and contains Picroside  II

胡黄連苦 I和胡黄連的稳定混晶, 並含﹕胡黄連苦甙 Ⅱ

Fruits contain:

果實含:

vitamin C

抗壞血酸

sugar

糖类

starch

澱粉

protein

蛋白質

Roots and stems contain:

根茎含:

iridoid glycoside. The ingredients are: picroside  IIIIII

環烯醚萜甙成分為胡黄連IIIIII

free organic acid: Vanillic Acid, Cinnamic acid and  ferulic acid.

游离有机酸,主要為香草酸﹐桂皮酸﹐阿魏酸。

創作者介紹

Julia Chen

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